Catégorie Chokepoints

Chokepoints: Danish Straits

The Danish Straits are the three channels connecting the Baltic Sea to the North Sea through the Kattegat and the Skagerrak. The Danish Straits are becoming an increasingly important route for Russian oil exports to Europe and is an oil transit chokepoint. External maritime transport in the Baltic moves through the Danish Straits and the […]

Chokepoints: Panama Canal

The Panama Canal is an important route connecting the Pacific Ocean with the Caribbean Sea and Atlantic Ocean. The canal cuts across the Isthmus of Panama and is a key conduit for international maritime trade. The canal is 50 miles long and only 110 feet (33.5 m) wide at its narrowest point called Cullebra Cut […]

Chokepoints: Turkish Straits

The Bosporus or Bosphorus is a strait that separates the European part (Rumeli) of Turkey from its Asian part (Anadolu), connecting the Sea of Marmara with the Black Sea. It is an important oil transit chokepoint, 30 km long, with a maximum width of 3,700 meters at the northern entrance and a minimum width of […]

Chokepoints: Bab el-Mandeb

The Bab el-Mandeb is a chokepoint between the Horn of Africa and the Middle East, and a strategic link between the Mediterranean Sea and Indian Ocean. It is located between Yemen, Djibouti and Eritrea, and connects the Red Sea with the Gulf of Aden and the Arabian Sea. Most exports from the Persian Gulf that […]

Chokepoints: Suez Canal/SUMED Pipeline

The Suez Canal and SUMED Pipeline are strategic routes for Persian Gulf oil shipments to Europe. Closure of the Suez Canal and SUMED Pipeline would add an estimated 6,000 miles of transit around the continent of Africa. Suez Canal The Suez Canal is located in Egypt and connects the Red Sea and Gulf of Suez […]

Chokepoints: Malacca

The Strait of Malacca, located between Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore, links the Indian Ocean to the South China Sea and Pacific Ocean. Malacca is the shortest sea route between Persian Gulf suppliers and the Asian markets – notably China, Japan, South Korea and the Pacific Rim. Oil shipments through the Strait of Malacca supply China […]

Chokepoints: Strait of Hormuz

Located between Oman and Iran, the Strait of Hormuz connects the Persian Gulf with the Gulf of Oman and the Arabian Sea. The Strait of Hormuz is the world’s most important oil chokepoint due to its daily oil flow of about 17 million bbl/d in 2011. Flows throught the Strait in 2011 were roughly 35 percent […]